religion

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
System of faith
Nouns
1. religion, faith; theology, isagogics, divinity, deism, theism, monotheism, ditheism, polytheism, pantheism; liberation theology; scientific creationism; hagiology; belief, truth, creed, doctrine, dogma; cult; canonicity; declaration, profession, or confession of faith; articles of faith; conformity, orthodoxy, strictness. See piety.
2. (religions)
a. Christianity; Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholic Church, Church of Rome, Orthodox Eastern Church, Russian or Greek Orthodox Church, Uniates; Protestantism, Presbyterianism, Quakerism, [Society of] Friends, Mormonism, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Christian Science, Church of Christ Scientist, African Methodist Episcopal, A. M. E., Amish, Anabaptist, Anglican, Church of England, Armenian Apostolic, Pentecostal, Assemblies of God, Baptist, Brethren, Calvinist, Church of Christ, Church of God, Church of the Brethren, Dunkers, Church of the New Jerusalem, Ethical Culturalism, Swedenborgian, Congregational, Coptic, Episcopal, Hare Krishna, Huguenots, International Church of the Four-Square Gospel, Jehovah's Witnesses, Lutheran, Mennonite, Methodism, Metropolitan [Community] Church, Millenial Church, Shakers, Moravians, New Light Presbyterianism, New Thought, Puritans, Reformed Church, Rosicrucians, Russellites, Schwenkfelders, Scientology, Seventh Day Adventists, Transcendentalism, Unitarianism-[-Universalism], United Church of Christ, Universalism, Zwinglianism; Gnosticism; Moral Majority, Christian Right, Christian Coalition, 700 Club. Slang, Scarlet Woman, Holy Rollers.
b. Judaism, Druze.
c. Mohammedanism, Moslemism, Islam; Nation of Islam.
d. Buddhism, Zen, Shintoism, Confucianism, Hinduism, Brahmanism, Sikhism, Jainism, Mazdaism, Zoroastrianism, Lamaism, Shinto, Taoism.
e. Baha'i, Theosophical Society.
f. Rastafarianism.
g. voodoo, hoodoo, vodun, brujera.
3. the Church, Holy Church, Established Church; temple of the Holy Ghost, Universal Church, Apostolic Church, muscular Christianity; native or indigenous religion, faith healing, love feast; Bible Belt.
4. true believer, Christendom, Christians; Islam; Jewry; Christian, Catholic, Protestant (Presbyterian, Christian Scientist, Swedenborgian, Moravian, etc.), Quaker, Friend, Mormon; Jew; Moslem; Buddhist; Brahman, Hindu, etc. Slang, bead-puller, fish-eater, mackerel-snapper, mick[ey], poper, papist; Jesus-screamer or -shouter, Jesus freak, God squad; white Anglo-Saxon Protestant, WASP, proddo, biblebelter, blue-skin, congo, dipper, metho, presbo; Moonie; five and two, fiver, Ike, bagel-bender, Red Sea pedestrian, sheeny, skid, heeb, kike, mocky, porker, reef, lid, yid; rasta, ganza, dreadlocks.
5. (religious writings) scriptures, canons, sacred writings; catechism; Apostles' Creed, Nicene Creed, Athanasian Creed; Articles of Religion.
6. worship, prayer, hymn, hymnody, psalmody; sacrifice, oblation, incense, libation, offering, offertory; disciple, fasting, asceticism; rite, divine service, office, duty, Mass, matins, evensong, vespers.
7. clergy, clergyman; theologian, theist, monotheist; churchwarden, altar boy, accolyte, chorister; congregation, flock, worshiper, communicant, celebrant; presbyter, elder, vestryman, usher.
Verbsworship, pray, invoke, supplicate, say one's prayers, tell one's beads; return thanks, say grace; praise, glorify, magnify; bless, give benediction; attend services, attend Mass, go to church; communicate, take communion.
Adjectives — religious, God-fearing; reverential (See respect); orthodox, sound, strict, canonical, authentic, faithful, theological; doctrinal, dogmatic, denominational, sectarian; Christian, Catholic, Protestant, Lutheran, Calvinistic, etc.; evangelical, scriptural; divine, true (see deity); Jewish, Judaic, Hebrew, Hindu, Mohammedan, etc.; born-again, charismatic.
Phrases — a church is God between four walls; you can't build a church with stumbling blocks; man's extremity is God's opportunity; the Church is an anvil that has worn out many hammers.
Quotations — Religion is by no means a proper subject of conversation in mixed company (Lord Chesterfield), I count religion but a childish toy (Christopher Marlowe), We have just enough religion to make us hate, but not enough to make us love one another ( Jonathan Swift), Religion's in the heart, not in the knees (Douglas Jerrold), Religion... is the opium of the people (Karl Marx), There is only one religion, though there are a hundred versions of it (G. B. Shaw), Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind (Albert Einstein), To die for a religion is easier than to live it absolutely (Jorge Luis Borges), One religion is as true as another (Robert Burton), Religion is an illusion, and it derives its strength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires (Sigmund Freud), Religion is a monumental chapter in the history of human egotism (William James), Men despise religion; they hate it, and they fear it is true (Pascal), If you really want to make a million, the quickest way is to start your own religion (L. Ron Hubbard).
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [Belief in or relationship to a superior being or beings]
Syn. belief, faith, creed, devotion, piety, spirituality, persuasion, godliness, morality, religiosity, theology, faithfulness, devoutness, myth, superstition, supernaturalism, doctrine, confession, cult, mythology, communion, religious conscience, fidelity, spiritual-mindedness, religious bent, ethical standard; see also faith 2 .
2. [Organized worship or service of a deity]
Syn. veneration, adoration, consecration, sanctification, prayer, ritual, rites, liturgy, ceremonial, holy sacrifice, incantation, holiday, observance, pietism, orthodoxy, reformism; see also ceremony 2 .
3. [A specific system of belief and worship]
Syn. faith, denomination, sect; see church 3 , faith 2 .
Religions include: Christianity, Mormonism, Christian Science, Zen Buddhism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Sunni Islam, Sunnite Islam, Shi`a Islam, Shiite Islam, Sikhism, Jainism, Judaism, Theosophy, Zoroastrianism, Shintoism, Taoism, Bahai, Gnosticism, deism, theism, polytheism, dualism; see also church 3 .
get religion*,
Syn. be converted, believe, change, be born again; see reform 3 .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
beliefin God, faith, spirituality, devotion, godliness, worship, piety, theology, persuasion, devoutness. ''The life of God in the soul of man.''—Lyman Abbott. ''The opium of the people.''—Karl Marx. ''The elder sister of philosophy.''—Walter Savage Landor. ''A universal obsessional neurosis.''—Sigmund Freud. ''The soul of civilization.''—Will Durant.
WORD FIND
Christianity
abandonment of one’s faith: apostasy
Adam and Eve’s sin of eating from tree of knowledge: Original Sin
admitting sins to priest in Roman Catholic Church: confession
amending sacrament: penance
amends for sins: atonement
amen: to trust
angel, high: archangel
angel, second order: cherubim
ascent to heaven, Christ’s: Ascension
battle, location of final: Armageddon (mountain of Megiddo)
biblical texts questioned by some denominations: apocrypha
birth of Christ or Second Coming: Advent
blessed with gift of tongues, healing, or prophecy: charismatic
blessing at end of service: benediction
bread and wine, body and blood of Christ, sacrament of: Eucharist, Communion, Holy Communion, Mass
bread wafers: host
casting out of church due to transgressions: excommunication
container or chest holding Ten Commandments: Ark of the Covenant
crucifixion of Christ, commemoration: Good Friday
cursing of God: blasphemy
declaration by Pope that deceased person is blessed and worthy to pray to: beatification
declaration by Pope that deceased person is saint following beatification: canonization
dissenter: heretic
enemy of Christ: Antichrist, the beast
faith, statement of: Apostle’s Creed
fellowship: communion
forgiveness of sins: absolution
forty-day period before Easter: Lent
funeral mass, Roman Catholic: requiem
God, seeing: beatific vision
gospel, one of twelve who spread: apostle
guardian or protector of specific group: patron saint
healing illness through prayer: faith healing, laying on of hands
Hebrew Bible: Old Testament
Holy Land: Israel, Palestine
kneel in worship: genuflect
laws, ecclesiastical: canon
Lamb of God icon: Agnus Dei
Last Supper, day of: Maundy Thursday
Lent, first day of: Ash Wednesday
literal interpretation of Bible, believing in: fundamentalism
nonbeliever: atheist
non-Christian: infidel
offense to God: abomination
oil, apply: anoint
oil used in Catholic confirmation: chrism
Old Testament scrolls: Dead Sea Scrolls
overlooking of transgressions in Roman Catholic Church: dispensation
prayer: Angelus
prayer beads: rosary
presiding priest at Holy Communion: celebrant
questioner or doubter: agnostic
repentance for sins: contrition
revelation of future in Bible: Apocalypse
rising of soul after death: resurrection
rites: sacraments
sacred, make: consecrate
Second Coming will arrive soon, denomination believing: Seventh Day Adventist, Second Adventists
sect: denomination
sex, priest’s vow to abstain from: vow of celibacy
song from biblical text: canticle
spread of word throughout the world: evangelism
study of religion: theology
tongues, denomination known for some members who speak in: Pentecostal Church
tongues, speaking in: glossolalia
Virgin Mary: Madonna
washing before ceremonies: ablutions
water immersion ceremony: baptism
wise men’s visit to Christ’s birth, commemoration of: Epiphany
Judaism
candelabra used to mark Chanukah: menorah
discrimination against Jews: antisemitism
eight-day festival commemorating exodus of Jews from Egypt: Passover
festival of lights commemorating victory of Maccabees over the Syrians: Chanukah
food fit to be eaten: kosher
God, name of: Jehovah, Elohim, Yahweh, YHWH, Adonai
holy day devoted to prayer, fasting: Yom Kippur
Jewish New Year: Rosh Hashanah
minister: rabbi
morning and evening prayer: Shema
non-Jew: gentile
Old Testament of Bible: Hebrew Bible, Torah
prayer leader in synagogue: cantor
rabbinical writings, interpretations and the Torah collectively: Talmud
skullcap worn by Jewish men: yarmulka
strict, orthodox Jews known for earlocks, black coats: Chasidim, Hasidim
thirteen-year-old’s rite of adulthood: bar mitzvah
twelve- or thirteen-year-old girl’s rite of adulthood: bat mitzvah
Islam
adherent: Moslem, Muslim
authority on Muslim law: ayatollah
call to prayer from minaret of mosque: azan
daily call to prayers: adhan
fit to eat, according to dietary laws: halal
God: Allah
holy war, fighting for Islam: jihad
month of fasting: Ramadan
Muhammad’s birthplace: Mecca
night of forgiveness: Lailat-ul-Bara’h
non-Moslem: infidel
‘‘Peace be upon you’’: Salam Alaikum
pilgrimage to Mecca: hajj
prayer leader in mosque: imam
prayers required five times per day: Salat
prophet of God and founder of Islam: Muhammad
requirements of Islamic religion: five pillars of Islam
rule that women must keep covered in public: purdah
sacred stone at Mecca: Black Stone
sacred text: Koran
Hinduism
black god, avatar of Vishnu: Krishna
communal house: ashram
elephant-headed god, symbol of luck: Ganesha
incarnation of a god: avatar
god of creation: Brahma
god of life and death: Shiva
god of love and desire: Kamadeva
god of rain and war: Indra
god who will come to destroy the world: Kalki
guidance book, ‘‘The Song of the Lord’’: Bhagavad Gita
meditation word or phrase repeated to clear head: mantra
mental, physical exercises to achieve wellbeing: yoga
merchant caste: Vaisyas
nonviolence doctrine: ahimsa
peasant, servant caste: Sudras
peasants outside of caste system: Untouchables
priestly caste: Brahmin
release from endless reincarnation: moksha
spiritual teacher: guru
supreme being: Vishnu
yoga adherent: yogi
warrior caste: Kshatriyas
what goes around comes around, doctrine of: karma
worship: puja
Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism, enlightenment through meditation: Zen
domed Buddhist shrine: stupa
enlightenment, path to: dharma
enlightenment, sudden achievement of: satori
festival: Wesak
moral rules: five precepts
nonviolence doctrine: ahimsa
one devoted to seeking enlightenment: bodhisattva
spiritual awakening, bliss: enlightenment, bodhi, nirvana
spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism: Dalai Lama
suffering, belief that everything leads to: dukkha
word or phrase repeated during meditation: mantra
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun A system of religious belief: confession, creed, denomination, faith, persuasion, sect. See RELIGION.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • religion — RELIGION. s. f. Culte qu on rend à la Divinité, suivant la creance que l on en a. La Religion Juifve. la Religion Chrestienne. la bonne, la fausse Religion. la Religion de Mahomet. professer une Religion. faire profession d une Religion. faire… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Religion — Re*li gion (r[ e]*l[i^]j [u^]n), n. [F., from L. religio; cf. religens pious, revering the gods, Gr. ale gein to heed, have a care. Cf. {Neglect}.] 1. The outward act or form by which men indicate their recognition of the existence of a god or of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • religión — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: religión Conjunto de creencias y prácticas que ponen en relación al hombre con la divinidad. religión budista. religión católica. religión cristiana. religión judía. religión monoteísta. religión musulmana. religión… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Religion — Sf std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Im Frühneuhochdeutschen entlehnt aus l. religio ( ōnis) (auch: gewissenhafte Berücksichtigung, Sorgfalt ), zu l. relegere bedenken, achtgeben . Gemeint ist ursprünglich die gewissenhafte Sorgfalt in der Beachtung von …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • religion — religion, denomination, sect, cult, communion, faith, creed, persuasion, church can all denote a system of religious belief and worship or the body of persons who accept such a system. Religion, the usual uncolored term, may apply to a system (as …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • religion — Religion, Profession de religion, Hierodulia, B. Faire profession de religion, In manum conuenire antistitis, In mancipio antistitis esse coepisse, B. Diverses religions, Aliae atque aliae religiones. Estimant que c estoit contre la religion et… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • religión — (Del lat. religĭo, ōnis). 1. f. Conjunto de creencias o dogmas acerca de la divinidad, de sentimientos de veneración y temor hacia ella, de normas morales para la conducta individual y social y de prácticas rituales, principalmente la oración y… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • religion — [ri lij′ən] n. [ME religioun < OFr or L: OFr religion < L religio, reverence for the gods, holiness, in LL(Ec), a system of religious belief < ? religare, to bind back < re , back + ligare, to bind, bind together; or < ? re + IE… …   English World dictionary

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